This professional specializes in the maintenance, operation, installation, and repair of electrical systems, which include electronics, wiring, and circuit boards. It is a varied profession and can be a well paying job. This is due to the three to five year training period. To get this training you should join an electrician apprenticeship program. The program can be sponsored by the Independent Electrical Contractors (IEC), International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), or National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA). All of these programs include on-the-job training and classroom courses. They take approximately four years to complete. You can also earn a certificate for a technical vocation school and then apply for an apprenticeship to get the on-the-job training. In addition to the training you will also have to become licensed. The licensing requirements will vary from state to state. The exam to get your license will be location-specific and will test your knowledge on the National Electrical Code, local building and electrical code, and electrical theory.
An electrician plays an important part of the building team when a structure is being remodeled or built. They will be the ones that install conduits in the walls as they are built for the purpose of running electrical wiring. If heating and cooling systems are also being installed the electrician will also be the one that installs the piping and vents for the systems. Once the house is finished they will install electrical sockets for plugging in electrical equipment. They will also put in the light bulbs. If specialized circuits need to be installed for equipment that drains power like heaters and stoves they will install these also.
An electrician may also install complex electrical equipment and other tools of their trade from voltage meters to breaker boxes. Professional and licensed electricians also offer repair and maintenance services that can range from replacing aged out-of-date wiring to troubleshooting electric stoves that are malfunctioning. If someone who owns a home wants to install outdoor electrical fixtures like lights or outdoor plug sockets they would call an electrician to do this so it is done correctly and safely. They will make sure that all of the fittings are waterproof and safe for you to use and for others to be around, no matter what the weather. A licensed electrician should be able to solve any type of problem that is related to the electrical system.
Working as an electrician you can work for a factory as their maintenance/electrician, work for an electrical company or be self employed where they carry their equipment with them and travel to various sites as needed or have their own shop and going out on calls from companies or residences that need electrical work done.